Tooth Care

Tooth CareHoles in teeth – Tooth decay

Problems appear when harmful bacteria form acids that dissolve the surface of the tooth. Another word for such dental lesions is caries.

Tooth Decay form more in the parts of the teeth where bacteria accumulate more easily. This applies, for example, between the teeth, where it is difficult to clean properly.

Regularly check your teeth with a dentist or dental hygienist. Ask for advice on how to take care of your teeth so you don’t get cavities.


The crown is the visible part of the tooth. It’s covered in enamel. The enamel can gradually dissolve and you get a hole in the tooth. An unprotected root can also get cavities.

The beginning of a hole can be seen as a white spot or stripe on the enamel and a dark spot on the root. Sometimes the damage is on the hidden surfaces of the tooth. Such damage can be found with the help of x-ray examination.

The first caries do not feel, but when the hole gets deeper, we can feel tingling or cold in the tooth. If you have a toothache, it could mean that the damage was so deep that the tooth nerve became inflamed.

When and where should I seek Tooth Care?

Contact a dental clinic as soon as possible if you have rashes or toothache.

You can always call and get medical advice at DentaArt by calling +351 932 237 198

Check your teeth regularly

It’s good to check your teeth at regular intervals. Then there’s a chance to find out if there are holes in progress. You can get advice and tips on how to take care of your teeth.

How can I avoid cavities?

There are a few simple ways to reduce the risk of tooth cavities:

  • Avoid snacking between meals, especially foods that contain sugar and cling to your teeth.
  • Brush your teeth well with fluoride toothpaste every morning and evening.
  • Clean between your teeth, for example, with floss, every day.
  • Take extra fluoride supplements if your dentist or dental hygienist deems it necessary.
  • Strengthen the secretion of saliva in the mouth, which protects against cavities.

Some medications and treatments can cause dry mouth. Always tell your dentist and dental hygienist what diseases and medications you take. Then you can get advice on how to prevent cavities and other dental diseases.


The dentist or dental hygienist will check if it has the beginning of a hole somewhere or an existing hole. It does so by examining each tooth with a probe and a mirror. So caries are more easily found on dental surfaces that are hard to see.

Get advice on what to do to reduce the risk of having cavities in your teeth. You can get advice on this:

  • Dietary advice on how to reduce sugar intake.
  • Advice for better cleaning your teeth.
  • Advice on taking fluoride supplements or protecting your teeth.

If you follow the advice, the small damage to the teeth can heal and does not need repair.


If you have a hole, it may have to be repaired. The repair consists of two steps:

  • Remove the damaged part of the tooth.
  • Replace the dental material that has been removed with another material that repairs the tooth.

The dentist usually uses a drill to remove the damaged part of the tooth. There is also a remedy that solves the damage so that the dentist can scrape the damaged part. If tooth needs to be repaired, dentist usually tries to keep as much tooth as possible.

When the damaged part of the tooth is removed, the hole is filled with a material that builds the tooth. It can be composed of plastic, porcelain or sometimes gold.

If the tooth damage is too large, it might be better to remove the tooth than to repair it.

Treatment is usually fast and rarely causes discomfort. You choose whether or not you want anesthesia in the tooth where the repair is done.

If you suffer from dental fear, you can find help.

What happens when I have cavities?

Sugar and other carbohydrates in food easily enter coatings of bacteria that are always present in teeth. There, sugar is undone by bacteria forming an acid plaque that corrodes the teeth.

The acid usually works about half an hour after eating. Most of the time, saliva in the mouth can neutralize acids and repair if there has been damage to a tooth. If there is fluoride in the coating of bacteria or saliva, it helps to repair saliva.

When you drill a hole in a tooth, it happens very slowly. The surface of the tooth becomes irregular and porly and over time there is a hole. If the hole is not repaired, bacteria penetrate more and more into the tooth and can reach the root canal and infect the pulp, the innermost part of the tooth.

The infection can spread to the jaw and cause injury there as well.

Do not hesitate to contact us for advice on tooth care, and take regular control of your teeth to provide further damage and costs.

DentalArt Medical Clinic
(Former Rocha Medical Center)
+351 932 237 198 / +351 282 041 932

Loja 8, Edifício Plaza Real, Estrada da Rocha, 8500-810 Portimão

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